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Brain Res. 2008 Jul 7;1218:250-6. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2008.04.045. Epub 2008 Apr 27.

The influence of dexmedetomidine on ischemic rat hippocampus.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Kocatepe University, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey. drolcayeser@hotmail.com

Abstract

In our study, we evaluated the neuroprotective effects of dexmedetomidine on oxidant-antioxidant systems, pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-alpha and number of apoptotic neurons on hippocampus and dentate gyrus after transient global cerebral I/R injury. Eighteen rats divided into 3 groups, equally. Group I rats were used as shams. For group II and III rats, they were prepared for transient global cerebral ischemia using a four-vessel-occlusion model. 5 mL/kg/h 0.9% sodium chloride was infused to the Group II and 3 microg/kg/h/5 ml dexmedetomidine was infused to the Group III for 2 h after I/R injury. The levels of MDA and NO and activities of SOD and CAT were measured in the left hippocampus tissue. The levels of TNF-alpha concentration were measured in the plasma. The number of apoptotic neurons was counted by TUNNEL method in histological samples of right hippocampus tissue. MDA and NO levels increased in Group II compared with Group I rats (p=0.002, p=0.002, respectively). In group III, MDA and NO levels decreased as compared to Group II (p=0.015, p=0.002, respectively). SOD and CAT activities increased in Group III as compared to Group II rats (p=0.002, p=0.002, respectively). The decrease in TNF-alpha levels of group III was significant as compared to group II (p=0.016). The number of apoptotic neurons in group III was lower than Group II rats. Our study showed that dexmedetomidine has a neuroprotective effect on hippocampus and dentate gyrus of rats after transient global cerebral I/R injury.

PMID:
18514174
DOI:
10.1016/j.brainres.2008.04.045
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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