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BMC Med Phys. 2008 May 30;8:2. doi: 10.1186/1756-6649-8-2.

A computerized infusion pump for control of tissue tracer concentration during positron emission tomography in vivo pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic measurements.

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1
Uppsala Imanet, Uppsala, Sweden. olof.eriksson@radiol.uu.se

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A computer controlled infusion pump (UIPump) for regulation of target tissue concentration of radioactive compounds was developed for use in biological research and tracer development for PET.

METHODS:

Based on observed tissue or plasma kinetics after a bolus injection of the tracer an algorithm calculates the infusion needed to obtain a specified target kinetic curve. A computer feeds this infusion scheme into an infusion pump connected to an animal via a venous catheter. The concept was validated using [11C]Flumazenil administrated to Sprague-Dawley rats where the whole brain distribution and kinetic of the tracer was measured over time using a microPET-scanner. The accuracy and precision of the system was assessed by producing steady-state levels of the tracer and by mimicking kinetics after oral administration.

RESULTS:

Various kinetic profiles could be generated, including rapid achievement of constant levels, or step-wise increased levels. The resulting tissue curves had low deviation from the target curves according to the specified criteria: AUC (%): 4.2 +/- 2.8, Maximal deviation (%): 13.6 +/- 5.0 and R2: 0.95 +/- 0.02.

CONCLUSION:

The UIPump-system is suitable for use in PET-research for assessment of PK/PD properties by simulation of different tracer tissue kinetics in vivo.

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