Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Toxicol Sci. 2008 Sep;105(1):211-20. doi: 10.1093/toxsci/kfn107. Epub 2008 May 28.

MRP2 and the DMPS- and DMSA-mediated elimination of mercury in TR(-) and control rats exposed to thiol S-conjugates of inorganic mercury.

Author information

1
Mercer University School of Medicine, Division of Basic Medical Sciences, Macon, Georgia 31207, USA. bridges_cc@mercer.edu

Abstract

Cysteine (Cys) and homocysteine (Hcy)-S-conjugates of inorganic mercury (Hg2+) are transportable species of Hg2+ that are taken up readily by proximal tubular cells. The metal chelators, 2,3-dimercaptopropane-1-sulfonic acid (DMPS) and meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA), have been used successfully to extract Hg2+ from these cells, presumably via the multidrug resistance protein (Mrp2). In the current study, we tested the hypothesis that Mrp2 is involved in the DMPS- and DMSA-mediated extraction of Hg2+ following administration of Hg2+ as an S-conjugate of Cys or Hcy. To test this hypothesis, control and TR(-) (Mrp2-deficient) rats were injected with 0.5 micromol/kg HgCl2 (containing 203Hg2+) conjugated to 1.25 micromol/kg Cys or Hcy. After 24 and 28 h, rats were treated with saline or 100 mg/kg DMPS or DMSA. Tissues were harvested 48 h after Hg2+ exposure. The renal and hepatic burden of Hg2+ was greater in saline-injected TR- rats than in corresponding controls. Accordingly, the content of Hg2+ in the urine and feces was less in TR- rats than in controls. Following treatment with DMPS or DMSA, the renal content of Hg2+ in both groups of rats was reduced significantly and the urinary excretion of Hg2+ was increased. In liver, the effect of each chelator appeared to be dependent upon the form in which Hg2+ was administered. In vitro experiments provide direct evidence indicating that DMPS and DMSA-S-conjugates of Hg2+ are substrates for Mrp2. Overall, these data support our hypothesis that Mrp2 is involved in the DMPS and DMSA-mediated extraction of the body burden of Hg2+.

PMID:
18511429
PMCID:
PMC2734303
DOI:
10.1093/toxsci/kfn107
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center