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Mamm Genome. 2008 May;19(5):333-8. doi: 10.1007/s00335-008-9112-2. Epub 2008 May 29.

Multigenic factors associated with a hydrocephalus-like phenotype found in inter-subspecific consomic mouse strains.

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Mouse Genomics Resource Laboratory, National Institute of Genetics, 1111 Yata, Mishima, Shizuoka 411-8540 [corrected] Japan.

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  • Mamm Genome. 2008 May;19(5):332.


Hydrocephalus is a significant clinical condition in humans and is known to be a multifactorial neurologic disorder. It has been thought that genetic factors are closely involved in the etiology of congenital hydrocephalus, but further investigation is required to elucidate the genetic architecture of hydrocephalus. By analyzing breeding records of a panel of inter-subspecific consomic mouse strains, we found that consomic strains with MSM/Ms (MSM) chromosomes 4, 5, 7, 11, 15, and 17 showed a significantly higher incidence of hydrocephalus, whereas both parental strains, MSM and C57BL/6J (B6), rarely showed this abnormality. Further analysis of the consomic Chr 17 strain revealed that apparently normal individuals of this strain also exhibited increased brain ventricle size compared to B6 and had larger individual variation of ventricle size within the strain. Thus, we concluded that hydrocephalus is an extreme phenotype of individual ventricle size variation. We then established and analyzed several subconsomic strains of Chr 17 to identify genetic factors related to hydrocephalus-like phenotype and successfully mapped one genetic locus around the proximal region of Chr 17.

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