Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Gene Ther. 2008 Nov;15(21):1424-35. doi: 10.1038/gt.2008.93. Epub 2008 May 29.

Targeted inhibition of platelet-derived growth factor receptor-beta subunit in hepatic stellate cells ameliorates hepatic fibrosis in rats.

Author information

  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

The activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is the key event of the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is the most potent mitogen for HSCs, and PDGF receptor-beta subunit (PDGFR-beta) is required for the proliferation of HSCs induced by PDGF. In this study, a high gene-silencing-efficacy PDGFR-beta small interference RNA (siRNA) was synthesized that could suppress the PDGFR-beta expression and inhibit the activation and proliferation but could not induce the apoptosis of HSCs in vitro. To avoid the side effect of nonspecific interference of PDGFR-beta, we constructed an HSCs-specific short hairpin RNA (shRNA) expression plasmid in which PDGFR-beta shRNA was driven by a glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) promoter. The double-staining immunofluorescence examination indicated that GFAP promoter could target the transgene expression into HSCs in carbon tetrachloride induced acute injured rat's liver and bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced chronic injured rat's liver. Furthermore, HSCs-specific PDGFR-beta shRNA could relieve liver injury and hepatic fibrosis in the rat's model induced by BDL. This study demonstrates that PDGFR-beta siRNA may be presented as an antifibrogenic agent. The application of HSCs-specific RNA interference induced by the GFAP promoter might supply a new powerful tool for cell-specific gene therapy of hepatic fibrogenesis.

PMID:
18509379
DOI:
10.1038/gt.2008.93
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Support Center