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Life Sci. 1991;48(20):PL103-9.

Biphasic effects of yohimbine on the ejaculatory response in the dog.

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  • 1Center for Laboratory Animal Science, Tohoku College of Pharmacy, Sendai, Japan.


The effects of various doses (0.01-1.00 mg/kg) of yohimbine, an alpha-2 adrenoceptor antagonist, on the erectile and ejaculatory response elicited by manual penile stimulation were investigated in male dogs. Systemic administration of yohimbine caused a biphasic effect on ejaculatory response; the amount of ejaculate produced by the genital stimulation (for 5 min) was dose-dependently increased by low doses (0.01-0.10 mg/kg) of yohimbine, whereas it was decreased by the highest dose (1.00 mg/kg) of yohimbine. The erectile potency was attenuated only, by the highest dose of yohimbine. The most effective dose (0.10 mg/kg) of yohimbine on ejaculation did not affect the duration of penile erection after removing the genital stimulation. In a stereoisomer's testing, the stimulatory effect on ejaculation was also observed by rauwolscine, an alpha-2 adrenoceptor antagonist (0.03 and 0.10 mg/kg), but not by corynanthine, an alpha-1 adrenoceptor antagonist (0.10 and 0.30 mg/kg). These results suggest that yohimbine at low doses specifically facilitate the ejaculatory response through the blockade of the alpha-2 adrenoceptors. This study also indicates that the effects of yohimbine on male genital responses vary with its dosage used.

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