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J Cell Physiol. 2008 Oct;217(1):281-9. doi: 10.1002/jcp.21498.

Regulation of insulin receptor substrate-1 expression levels by caveolin-1.

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Thomas Jefferson University, Kimmel Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.


The insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), a docking protein of the type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-IR) plays a significant role in cell proliferation and differentiation. The expression of IRS-1 is down-regulated in mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) with a deletion of caveolin-1 (cav1) genes (KO cells). Levels of IRS-1 mRNA are not affected. Re-introduction of cav1 into KO cells rescues IRS-1 expression. Stabilization of protein levels is reciprocal and a strict correlation between IRS-1 and cav1 levels was confirmed in five cell lines, and in mouse tissues. IRS-1 binds through its phosphotyrosine binding (PTB) domain to tyrosine 14 (Y14) of cav1, the residue phosphorylated by IGF-1 stimulation and by v-src. The down-regulation of IRS-1 in cav-/- cells occurs via the proteasome pathway. These results indicate a novel mechanism for the regulation of IRS-1 expression levels, an important finding in view of IRS-1 role in cell proliferation and transformation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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