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Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2008 Jul;32(4):675-80. doi: 10.1007/s00266-008-9185-z. Epub 2008 May 28.

A new application for increasing breast projection in free-nipple-graft reduction mammaplasty.

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Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey.



Free-nipple-graft reduction mammaplasty is the procedure of choice in patients with massive breast hypertrophy. Breasts that have undergone free-nipple-graft reduction mammaplasty usually cannot maintain projection. Many modifications of free-nipple-graft reduction mammaplasty have been described to treatment this problem. We describe our modification of the free-nipple-graft reduction mammaplasty.


The technique includes two key points: The first is the fold of the midportions of the breast. The second is suturing the midportion of the breast to the fascia of the pectoral muscle. The fold increases breast projection and the suturing helps to obtain long-lasting breast projection.


A total of 16 patients underwent free-nipple-graft reduction with the modified technique between 2003 and 2008. Mean follow-up was 21 months (range = 3-60 months). An average of 2016 g of tissue per breast was excised (range = 1250-2700 g per breast). An average of 4031 g of tissue per patient was excised. All patients had long-lasting, pronounced breast mound projection. Satisfactory breast projection was maintained. No "bottoming out" was seen. The level of satisfaction felt by all patients was very high.


Long-term projection can be maintained by suturing the half-trianges to each other and to the fascia of the pectoral muscle. One more useful alternative technique for increasing projection in free-nipple-graft reduction has been added with the technique presented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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