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J Cell Sci. 2008 Jun 15;121(Pt 12):2054-61. doi: 10.1242/jcs.025817. Epub 2008 May 27.

p190B RhoGAP regulates endothelial-cell-associated proteolysis through MT1-MMP and MMP2.

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1
Institut Européen de Chimie-Biologie, Pessac, France.

Abstract

The two isoforms of p190 RhoGAP (p190A and p190B) are important regulators of RhoGTPase activity in mammalian cells. Both proteins are ubiquitously expressed, are involved in the same signalling pathways and interact with the same identified binding partners. In search of isoform functional specificity, we knocked down the expression of each p190 protein using siRNA and examined the resulting phenotypic changes in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We provide evidence that p190B plays a crucial role in the regulation of MT1-MMP expression and cell-surface presentation, as well as subsequent MMP2 activation. p190B is involved in both local extracellular matrix degradation at podosomes and endothelial cell assembly into tube-like structures in Matrigel. In addition, whereas p190B knockdown does not affect podosome formation, p190A knockdown increases the number of cells showing podosome structures in HUVECs. We conclude that the two p190 RhoGAP isoforms play distinct roles in endothelial cells. In addition, our data reveal an unsuspected role for p190B in the expression of the two collaborative proteases MT1-MMP and MMP2, thereby affecting matrix remodelling and angiogenesis.

PMID:
18505793
DOI:
10.1242/jcs.025817
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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