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J Nat Prod. 2008 Jun;71(6):985-9. doi: 10.1021/np700737g. Epub 2008 May 28.

Cytotoxic alkaloids and antibiotic nordammarane triterpenoids from the marine-derived fungus Aspergillus sydowi.

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Key Laboratory of Marine Drugs, Chinese Ministry of Education, School of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, People's Republic of China.


Three new diketopiperazine alkaloids, 6-methoxyspirotryprostatin B (1), 18-oxotryprostatin A (2), and 14-hydroxyterezine D (3), with an oxaspiro[4.4]lactam moiety, 14-norpseurotin A (4), and the 29-nordammarane triterpenoid 6beta,16beta-diacetoxy-25-hydroxy-3,7-dioxy-29-nordammara-1,17(20)-dien-21-oic acid (5), as well as 12 known compounds (6- 17), were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of a marine-derived fungal strain, Aspergillus sydowi PFW1-13. The structures of compounds 1- 5 were elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic analysis. Compounds 1- 3 exhibit weak cytotoxicity against A-549 cells, with IC 50 values of 8.29, 1.28, and 7.31 microM, respectively. Compound 1 also shows slight cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells, with an IC 50 value of 9.71 microM. Compounds 4 and 5 display significant antimicrobial activities against Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, and Micrococcus lysoleikticus with MICs of 3.74, 14.97, and 7.49 microM and 10.65, 5.33, and 10.65 microM, respectively.

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