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J Am Chem Soc. 2008 Jun 18;130(24):7736-45. doi: 10.1021/ja802008q. Epub 2008 May 28.

Bifunctional CD22 ligands use multimeric immunoglobulins as protein scaffolds in assembly of immune complexes on B cells.

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Department of Chemical Physiology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.


CD22 is a B cell-specific sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin (Siglec) whose function as a regulator of B cell signaling is modulated by its interaction with glycan ligands bearing the sequence NeuAc alpha2-6Gal. To date, only highly multivalent polymeric ligands (n = 450) have achieved sufficient avidity to bind to CD22 on native B cells. Here we demonstrate that a synthetic bifunctional molecule comprising a ligand of CD22 linked to an antigen (nitrophenol; NP) can use a monoclonal anti-NP IgM as a decavalent protein scaffold to efficiently drive assembly of IgM-CD22 complexes on the surface of native B cells. Surprisingly, anti-NP antibodies of lower valency, IgA (n = 4) and IgG (n = 2), were also found to drive complex formation, though with lower avidity. Ligands bearing alternate linkers of variable length and structure were constructed to establish the importance of a minimal length requirement, and versatility in the structural requirement. We show that the ligand drives assembly of IgM complexes exclusively on the surface of B cells and not other classes of white blood cells that do not express CD22, which lends itself to the possibility of targeting B cells in certain hematopoietic malignancies.

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