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Int J Legal Med. 2008 Sep;122(5):359-66. doi: 10.1007/s00414-008-0248-0. Epub 2008 May 27.

Finite-element models of the human head and their applications in forensic practice.

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Institut de Médecine Légale, 11 rue Humann, 67085, Strasbourg, France.


Since the 1960s, predictive human head impact indices have been developed to help the investigation of causation of human head injury. Finite-element models (FEM) can provide interesting tools for the forensic scientists when various human head injury mechanisms need to be evaluated. Human head FEMs are mainly used for car crash evaluations and are not in common use in forensic science. Recent technological progress has resulted in creating more simple tools, which will certainly help to consider the use of FEM in routine forensic practice in the coming years. This paper reviews the main FEMs developed and focuses on the models which can be used as predictive tools. Their possible applications in forensic medicine are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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