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Horm Res. 2008;69(6):363-8. doi: 10.1159/000117393. Epub 2008 Mar 17.

Familial glucocorticoid deficiency type 1 due to a novel compound heterozygous MC2R mutation.

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Institute of Physiotherapy, University of Rzeszów, Poland.



Description of the clinical, biochemical and genetic features of a Polish patient with familial glucocorticoid deficiency.


Detailed clinical investigation, hormonal analysis and sequencing of the coding region of the melanocortin 2 receptor (MC2R) gene in this patient.


We report on a 3-month-old boy with familial glucocorticoid deficiency who presented at the age of 3 months with skin hyperpigmentation, muscle weakness, mild jaundice and constipation. Hormonal analyses revealed high ACTH and TSH serum concentrations, low serum cortisol concentration along with normal blood electrolytes. On hydrocortisone supplementation, the disease symptoms disappeared and the child recovered completely. His physical and mental development progresses normally. Genetic analysis disclosed a novel compound heterozygous MC2R mutation p.Leu46fs and p.Val49Met.


The heterozygous p.Leu46fs mutation adds to the small number of MC2R nonsense mutations and is the first frameshift mutation within the first transmembrane domain of the receptor. According to molecular modeling the Val49Met mutation results in a structural change of the first transmembrane domain and in a potential novel interaction of the transmembrane domains I and VII.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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