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J Biomed Mater Res. 1991 Jan;25(1):53-65.

Plasma-sprayed coatings of tetracalciumphosphate, hydroxyl-apatite, and alpha-TCP on titanium alloy: an interface study.

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  • 1Department of Biomaterials, ACTA, Free University, Amsterdam.


In order to study the interaction of calcium phosphate coatings with bone tissue, coated titanium cylinders with a standard size were implanted in dog femora. Coatings were made by plasma spraying powders of hydroxylapatite, beta-whitlockite, and tetracalciumphosphate particles. The plasma spraying process turns beta-whitlockite into alpha-TCP. Bone bonding and bone formation were evaluated by mechanical push-out tests and histological observations. Hydroxylapatite and tetracalciumphosphate coatings show an interface strength after 3 months of implantation of 34.3 +/- 6.5 MPa and 26.8 +/- 3.9 MPa, respectively, while alpha-TCP and blanco titanium lead to an interface strength of 10.0 +/- 3.5 MPa and 9.7 +/- 1.3 MPa, respectively. Histological examinations revealed that hydroxylapatite and tetracalciumphosphate give rise to an excellent bone formation, while alpha-TCP and blanco titanium evoked remodeling and less bone contact.

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