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Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2008 Jun;29(6):653-60. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-7254.2008.00804.x.

Co-expression of KCNE2 and KChIP2c modulates the electrophysiological properties of Kv4.2 current in COS-7 cells.

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1
Department of Pathophysiology, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.

Abstract

AIM:

Several beta-subunits have been suggested to modulate the electrophysiological properties of the transient outward current (I(to)) in cardiac myocytes, including the obligatory beta-subunit K+-channel interacting protein (KChIP2) and KCNE2. However, neither KChIP2 nor KCNE2 modulation of Kv4.x (x=2 and/or 3) can fully recapitulate the electrophysiological properties of native I(to). The present study is to investigate how I(to) current is modulated when both KChIP2 and KCNE2 are coexpressed.

METHODS:

Kv4.2, KChIP2c, and KCNE2 cDNA were simultaneously transfected into COS-7 cells at a molar ratio of 3:1:1. Whole-cell currents were recorded by the patch-clamp method.

RESULTS:

In comparison with the current regulated by KChIP2c alone, the co-expression of KCNE2 further slowed Kv4.2 current inactivation kinetics, but diminished KChIP2c-induced positive shift of the voltage-dependent activation of Kv4.2 current. Importantly, co-expression of KCNE2 accelerated the current recovery from inactivation, and caused an povershootq of peak current amplitude during Kv4.2 current recovery, a phenomenon which has been uniquely described for human I(to). However, co-expression of KCNE2 exerted no further effect on Kv4.2 current amplitude, the rate of Kv4.2 current activation and voltage-dependent inactivation.

CONCLUSION:

Co-expression of Kv4.2 with KChIP2c and KCNE2, but not with KChIP2c or KCNE2 alone, yields a current profile similar to native I(to). Both KChIP2c and KCNE2 simultaneously participate in recapitulation of the electrophysiological properties of I(to) in cardiac myocytes.

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