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J Hazard Mater. 2009 Jan 30;161(2-3):614-26. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.04.017. Epub 2008 Apr 11.

Thermal plasma technology for the treatment of wastes: a critical review.

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Department of Materials, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, UK.


This review describes the current status of waste treatment using thermal plasma technology. A comprehensive analysis of the available scientific and technical literature on waste plasma treatment is presented, including the treatment of a variety of hazardous wastes, such as residues from municipal solid waste incineration, slag and dust from steel production, asbestos-containing wastes, health care wastes and organic liquid wastes. The principles of thermal plasma generation and the technologies available are outlined, together with potential applications for plasma vitrified products. There have been continued advances in the application of plasma technology for waste treatment, and this is now a viable alternative to other potential treatment/disposal options. Regulatory, economic and socio-political drivers are promoting adoption of advanced thermal conversion techniques such as thermal plasma technology and these are expected to become increasingly commercially viable in the future.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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