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J Hum Evol. 2008 Aug;55(2):223-37. doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2007.12.007. Epub 2008 May 22.

New hominin remains from Uzbekistan.

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1
Department of Anthropology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1768, USA. mica.glantz@colostate.edu

Abstract

Although the Paleolithic occupations of Uzbekistan and the neighboring foothill regions of Tajikistan and Kazakhstan are well-documented, almost no hominin fossil material has been discovered in the area since Teshik-Tash 1 in 1938. Here we describe and offer a preliminary comparative framework for hominin remains that were recovered in 2003 from two Middle Paleolithic sites in Uzbekistan, Obi-Rakhmat Grotto and Anghilak Cave. The description of Teshik-Tash as a Neandertal and the preponderance of lithic assemblages identified as Mousterian in character has supported the interpretation of the region as the eastern-most extent of the Neandertal range. The material from Obi-Rakhmat (OR-1), a subadult represented by part of a permanent maxillary dentition and a fragmentary cranium, expresses a relatively Neandertal-like dentition coupled with more ambiguous cranial anatomy. The remains from Anghilak Cave include a non-diagnostic, diminutive right fifth metatarsal (AH-1). These findings are important additions to the Central Asia hominin fossil record.

PMID:
18499228
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhevol.2007.12.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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