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J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2008 Oct;19(10):3303-10. doi: 10.1007/s10856-008-3468-4. Epub 2008 May 22.

SBA-15 ordered mesoporous silica inside a bioactive glass-ceramic scaffold for local drug delivery.

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Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy.


The paper reports the synthesis of an ordered silica mesostructure of the SBA-15 type inside a macroporous bioactive glass-ceramic scaffold of the type SiO(2)-CaO-K(2)O, to combine the bioactivity of the latter with the release properties of the former, in view of local drug delivery from implants designed for tissue engineering. The standard procedure for SBA-15 synthesis has been modified to minimize the damage to the scaffold caused by the acidic synthesis medium. The composite system has been characterized by means of Scanning Electron Microscopy (coupled with EDS analysis), Small Angle X-Ray Diffraction, Thermogravimetry analysis and Infrared Spectroscopy: the formation of a well ordered hexagonal mesostructure was confirmed. Ibuprofen has been chosen as model drug. The uploading properties have been investigated of the scaffold-mesoporous silica composite as compared with the scaffold as such, and a five-fold increase in the adsorbing properties toward ibuprofen was found, due to the presence of the ordered mesoporous silica. The ibuprofen release to a SBF solution in vitro is complete in 1 day. Retention of bioactivity from the glass-ceramic scaffold after the silica mesostructure incorporation has been observed.

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