Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2008 Jul;295(1):C92-9. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00023.2008. Epub 2008 May 21.

Inhibition of transient receptor potential A1 channel by phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate.

Author information

Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, The Chicago Medical School, North Chicago, IL 60064, USA.


Membrane phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) is critical for the function of many transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channels. The role of PIP2 in TRPA1 function is not well known. The effect of PIP2 on TRPA1 was investigated by direct application of PIP2 and by using polylysine and PIP2 antibody that sequester PIP2. In inside-out patches from HeLa cells expressing mouse TRPA1, polytriphosphate (PPPi) was added to the bath solution to keep TRPA1 sensitive to allyl isothiocyanate (AITC; mustard oil). Direct application of PIP2 (10 microM) to inside-out patches did not activate TRPA1, but AITC and Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) produced strong activation. In inside-out patches in which TRPA1 was first activated with AITC (in the presence of PPPi), further addition of PIP2 produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of TRPA1 [agonist concentration producing half-maximal activity (K(1/2)), 2.8 microM]. Consistent with the inhibition of TRPA1 by PIP2, AITC activated a large whole cell current when polylysine or PIP2 antibody was added to the pipette but a markedly diminished current when PIP2 was added to the pipette. In inside-out patches with PPPi in the bath solution, application of PIP2 antibody or polylysine caused activation of TRPA1, and this was blocked by PIP2. However, TRPA1 was not activated by polylysine and PIP2 antibody under whole cell conditions, suggesting a more complex regulation of TRPA1 by PIP2 in intact cells. These results show that PIP2 inhibits TRPA1 and reduces the sensitivity of TRPA1 to AITC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center