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Int Immunol. 2008 Jul;20(7):937-47. doi: 10.1093/intimm/dxn052. Epub 2008 May 20.

CD8+CD122+ regulatory T cells recognize activated T cells via conventional MHC class I-alphabetaTCR interaction and become IL-10-producing active regulatory cells.

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  • 1Department of Immunology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan.


CD8(+)CD122(+) regulatory T cells (CD8(+)CD122(+) Treg) are naturally occurring Treg that effectively suppress the proliferation and IFN-gamma production of both CD8(+) and CD4(+) target cells. This study investigated the molecular mechanisms of the recognition of target cells by CD8(+)CD122(+) Treg using an in vitro culture system that reconstitutes the regulatory action of these cells. Naive CD8(+)CD122(+) Treg co-cultured with pre-activated T cells became active Treg that produced IL-10 and suppressed IFN-gamma production from the target T cells. CD8(+)CD122(+) Treg effectively suppressed the IFN-gamma production of the target cells of syngeneic mouse strains but not of allogeneic mouse strains with incompatible MHC. By using MHC-congeneic mouse strains, MHC-restricted suppression by CD8(+)CD122(+) Treg was further confirmed. The blockade of cell surface molecules either on the Treg or on the target cells by specific blocking antibodies indicated that H-2K, H-2D, alphabetaTCR and CD8 were involved in the regulatory action but I-A and Qa-1 were not. These results indicate that CD8(+)CD122(+) Treg recognize already-activated T cells via the interaction of conventional MHC class I-alphabetaTCR and become active regulatory cells that produce IL-10 and suppress the target cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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