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Nano Lett. 2008 Jun;8(6):1572-6. doi: 10.1021/nl072941g. Epub 2008 May 22.

Improving hydrogen storage capacity of MOF by functionalization of the organic linker with lithium atoms.

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1
Department of Chemistry, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

Abstract

A combination of quantum and classical calculations have been performed in order to investigate hydrogen storage in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) modified by lithium alkoxide groups. Ab initio calculations showed that the interaction energies between the hydrogen molecules and this functional group are up to three times larger compared with unmodified MOF. This trend was verified by grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations in various thermodynamic conditions. The gravimetric capacity of the Li-modified MOFs reached the value of 10 wt % at 77 K and 100 bar, while our results are very promising at room temperature, too, with 4.5 wt %.

PMID:
18494530
DOI:
10.1021/nl072941g
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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