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World J Gastroenterol. 2008 May 21;14(19):3054-8.

Inhibitory effect of dimeric beta peptide on the recurrence and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma in vitro and in mice.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacy, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai 200031, China.



To block the adhesion of tumor cells to the extracellular matrix, and prevent tumor metastasis and recurrence, the dimer of the beta peptide (DLYYLMDLSYSMKGGDLYYLMDLSYSMK, beta2) was designed and synthesized and its anti-adhesion and anti-invasion effects on hepatocellular carcinoma cells were assessed. Additionally, its influence on the metastasis and recurrence of mouse hepatocellular carcinoma was measured.


The anti-adhesion effect of beta2 on the highly metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HCCLM6 cells and fibronectin (FN) was assayed by the MTT assay. The inhibition of invasion of HCCLM6 cells by beta2 was observed using a Transwell (modified Boyden chamber) and matrigel. Using the hepatocellular carcinoma metastasis model and LCI-D20 nude mice, the influence of beta2 on the metastasis and recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma after early resection was investigated.


HCCLM6 cells co-incubated with 100 mumol/L, 50 micromol/L, 20 micromol/L or 10 micromol/L beta2 for 3 h showed an obvious decrease in adhesion to FN. The adhesion inhibition ratios were 11.8%, 21.7%, 29.6% and 48.7%, respectively. Additionally, HCCLM6 cells cultured with 100 mumol/L beta2 had a dramatic decrease in cell invasion. beta2 was also observed to inhibit the incisal edge recurrence and the distant metastasis of nude mice hepatocellular carcinoma after early resection (P < 0.05).


The beta2 peptide can specifically block the adhesion and invasion of HCCLM6 cells, and can inhibit HCC recurrence and metastasis of LCI-D20 model posthepatectomy in vivo. Thus, beta2 should be further studied as a new anti-tumor drug.

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