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J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2008 Nov;87(2):492-8. doi: 10.1002/jbm.b.31131.

Biaxial flexure strength and low temperature degradation of Ce-TZP/Al2O3 nanocomposite and Y-TZP as dental restoratives.

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Department of Biomaterials Science, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890-0145, Japan.


The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the mechanical durability of a zirconia/alumina nanocomposite stabilized with cerium oxide (Ce-TZP/Al(2)O(3) nanocomposite) in comparison to yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (Y-TZP) and discuss its application on ceramic dental restorations. The disk-shaped specimens of both materials were stored in physiological saline solution at 80 degrees C for 30 days, in 4% acetic acid at 80 degrees C for 30 days, and in an autoclave at 121 degrees C for 10 days. Before and after storage, specimens were subjected to the biaxial flexure test and to the determination of the monoclinic zirconia content. After autoclaving, Y-TZP showed remarkable increasing of the content of monoclinic zirconia: 0.3 vol % before and 49.9 vol % after, and slight decreasing of biaxial flexure strength: 1046 MPa before and 892 MPa after; whereas Ce-TZP/Al(2)O(3) nanocomposite showed no significant difference in the monoclinic content (4.8-5.5 vol %) and the biaxial flexure strength (1371-1422 MPa) after storage in any conditions. It is concluded that, compared to Y-TZP, the Ce-TZP/Al(2)O(3) nanocomposite has a high biaxial flexure strength along with a satisfactory durability in terms of low-temperature aging degradation in above conditions. This study indicates that the Ce-TZP/Al(2)O(3) nanocomposite demonstrates excellent mechanical durability for dental restorations such as all-ceramic bridges.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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