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Value Health. 2008 Dec;11(7):1154-61. doi: 10.1111/j.1524-4733.2008.00355.x. Epub 2008 May 16.

Health state utilities in latent and active tuberculosis.

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1
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health threat worldwide. Numerous cost-effectiveness analyses of TB screening and treatment strategies have been recently published, but none have utilized quality-adjusted life-years as recommended because of the lack of utilities for TB health states.

OBJECTIVE:

To characterize and compare utility scores from either active TB or latent TB infection (LTBI) participants.

METHODS:

Consenting patients attending a population-based screening and treatment clinic were administered the Short Form 36 (SF-36), the Health Utilities Index 2/3 (HUI2/3), and a general health visual analog scale (VAS) along with demographic questions. SF-36 scores were converted to Short Form 6D (SF-6D) utility scores using an accepted algorithm. Utility results were compared across scales, and construct validity was assessed.

RESULTS:

A total of 162 TB patients (78 LTBI and 84 active TB) with available SF-36 and all four utility scores (Health Utilities Index 2, Health Utilities Index 3, SF-6D and VAS) were included in the analysis. Those with active TB had significantly lower SF-36 and utility scores than those with LTBI. Although all appeared to exhibit construct validity, the HUI2/3 and the VAS appeared to have significant ceiling effects, whereas the SF-6D had significant floor effects.

CONCLUSIONS:

Health state utility values for active TB and LTBI have been determined using different instruments. The three measures did not generate identical utility scores. The HUI2/3 was limited by ceiling effects, whereas the SF-6D appeared to display floor effects.

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