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Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2008 Sep;43(9):752-7. doi: 10.1007/s00127-008-0352-y. Epub 2008 May 16.

Attempted suicide and associated risk factors among youth in urban Japan.

Author information

1
Department of Global Health and Socio-epidemiology, Kyoto University School of Public Health, Yoshidakonoe-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto-shi, Kyoto, Japan. yass@kta.att.ne.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Suicide is a major social and health issue in Japan. We assessed prevalence of attempted suicide and explored individual, interpersonal, behavioral, and psychological risk factors associated with attempted suicide in a general community sample of youth in a metropolitan Japanese city.

METHOD:

Survey of 2,095 participants age between 15 and 24 who were recruited using street-intercept techniques.

RESULTS:

Overall, 6% of males and 11% of females reported a prior suicide attempt. For males, attempted suicide was independently associated with experience of school bullying, being homosexual or bisexual, history of drug use, experience of unwanted sex, history of a diagnosed sexually transmitted infection, and low self-esteem. For females, attempted suicide was independently associated with being younger (ages 15-19 compared to 20-24), experience of school bullying, history of drug use, and history of smoking.

CONCLUSION:

Prevention intervention programs for youth in Japan are necessary to achieve national aims to reduce attempted suicides and suicide mortality.

PMID:
18488128
DOI:
10.1007/s00127-008-0352-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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