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Appl Ergon. 2009 Mar;40(2):185-93. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2008.04.002. Epub 2008 May 19.

The influence of individual and contextual work factors on workers' compliance with health and safety routines.

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Faculty of Health Sciences, Centre for Health Promotion in Settings, Vestfold University College, P.O. Box 2243, N-3103 Tønsberg, Norway.


This study investigated the relationships between workers' compliance with health and safety (H&S) routines and instructions adopted in the company (dependent variable) and psychological demands, decision authority, social support, management support, unionization and H&S management system (independent variables). A cross-sectional questionnaire study was performed among 1051 workers and the managers of 102 small- and medium-sized motor vehicle repair garages. Multilevel modeling was performed to account for the hierarchical structure of the data. At the worker level, high compliance with H&S routines correlated significantly with both social support and H&S-related management support. At the garage level, mean management support and a well-developed H&S management system correlated significantly with high workers' compliance. Changing both the individual and contextual factors in the work environment may thus increase workers' participation in H&S activities.

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