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Prim Care. 2008 Jun;35(2):369-91, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.pop.2008.01.005.

Nephrolithiasis.

Author information

1
Nephrology Section/MC 5100, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. eworcest@medicine.bsd.uchicago.edu

Abstract

Kidney stones affect more than 5% of adults in the United States, and the prevalence is rising. The fundamental cause for all stones is supersaturation of urine with respect to the stone components; factors affecting solubility include urine volume, pH, and total solute excretion. Calcium stones are the most common in both adults and children and are associated with several metabolic disorders, the most common of which is idiopathic hypercalciuria. Therapy to prevent stones rests on lowering supersaturation, using both diet and medication. Effective treatment decreases stone recurrence and the need for procedures for stone removal.

PMID:
18486720
PMCID:
PMC2518455
DOI:
10.1016/j.pop.2008.01.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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