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Dig Liver Dis. 2008 Jul;40(7):504-9. doi: 10.1016/j.dld.2008.02.031. Epub 2008 May 16.

Helicobacter pylori infection and the pathogenesis of gastric cancer: a paradigm for host-bacterial interactions.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Helicobacter pylori infection is the most important acquired risk factor for gastric cancer. The infection initiates a chronic inflammatory process that eventually alters the physiology of the gastric environment and leads to achlorohydria. Gastric atrophy may be part of this process but cancer can arise without this precursor. The net effect of decades of inflammation is the establishment of a milieu awash with pro-inflammatory cytokines and characterized by the activation of signalling pathways that cross-talk between inflammation and carcinogenesis. Many of the factors involved in chronic inflammation play a dual role in the process-promoting neoplastic progression but also facilitating cancer prevention. H. pylori bacterial virulence factors as well as host genetic factors play a major role in orchestrating the increased risk of cancer. The study of such host-bacterial interaction is key to uncovering the molecular and cellular pathways involved and will ultimately lead to developing preventive and therapeutic strategies against this global killer.

PMID:
18486572
DOI:
10.1016/j.dld.2008.02.031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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