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Eur J Heart Fail. 2008 Jun;10(6):581-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ejheart.2008.04.007. Epub 2008 May 16.

Adaptive servoventilation improves cardiac function in patients with chronic heart failure and Cheyne-Stokes respiration.

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1
Department of Cardiology, Heart and Diabetes Centre North Rhine-Westphalia, Ruhr University Bochum, Bad Oeynhausen, Germany. akohlstaedt@hdz-nrw.de <akohlstaedt@hdz-nrw.de>

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

Sleep disordered breathing (SDB), especially Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) is common in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Adaptive servoventilation (ASV) was recently introduced to treat CSR in CHF. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ASV on CSR and CHF parameters.

METHODS:

In 29 male patients (63.9+/-9 years, NYHA> or =II, left ventricular ejection fraction [LV-EF]< or =40%), cardiorespiratory polygraphy, cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) testing, and echocardiography were performed and concentrations of NT-proBNP determined before and after 5.8+/-3.5 months (median 5.7 months) of ASV (AutoSet CS2, ResMed) treatment. All patients also received guideline-driven CHF therapy.

RESULTS:

Apnoea-hypopnoea-index was reduced from 37.4+/-9.4/h to 3.9+/-4.1/h (p<0.001). Workload during CPX testing increased from 81+/-26 to 100+/-31 W (p=0.005), oxygen uptake (VO2) at the anaerobic threshold from 12.6+/-3 to 15.3+/-4 ml/kg/min (p=0.01) and predicted peak VO2 from 58+/-12% to 69+/-17% (p=0.007). LV-EF increased from 28.2+/-7% to 35.2+/-11% (p=0.001), and NT-proBNP levels decreased significantly (2285+/-2192 pg/ml to 1061+/-1293 pg/ml, p=0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

In selected patients with CHF and CSR, addition of ASV to standard heart failure therapy is able to improve SDB, CPX test results, LV-EF and NT-proBNP concentrations.

PMID:
18486550
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejheart.2008.04.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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