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Brain Res. 2008 Jun 24;1216:24-37. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2008.04.012. Epub 2008 May 16.

Comparative analysis of neurogenesis between the core and shell regions of auditory areas in the chick (Gallus gallus domesticus).

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Key Laboratory for Cell Proliferation and Regulation Biology, Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, China.


Early embryogenesis can reflect constituting organizations and evolutionary origins of brain areas. To determine whether a clear core-versus-shell distinction of neurogenesis that occurs from the auditory midbrain to the telencephalon in the reptile also appears in the bird, a single dose of [(3)H]-thymidine was injected into chick (Gallus gallus domesticus) eggs at some successive embryonic days (E) (from E3 to E10). Towards the end of hatching, [(3)H]-thymidine labeling was examined, and the results were as follows: 1) Neuronal generation in the nucleus intercollicularis (ICo) (shell region) began at E3, whereas neurogenesis began at E4 in the nucleus mesencephalicus lateralis pars dorsalis (MLd) (core region); 2) Neurogenesis initiated at E3 in the nucleus ovoidalis (Ov) shell, but initiated at E4 in the rostral Ov core. In the medial or caudal Ov core, the percentage of heavily-labeled neurons with [(3)H]-thymidine was significantly lower at E3 age group than that in the Ov shell; 3) In field L1 and L3, two flanking regions of the primary telencephalic auditory area (field L2a), neurogenesis started at E5, but started at E6 in field L2a. These data indicate that the onset of embryogenesis began earlier in the auditory shell areas than in the core areas from the midbrain to the telencephalon. These findings provide insight into the organization of auditory nuclei and their evolution in amniotes.

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