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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 Feb 25;1062(2):177-86.

The interaction between aspartic acid 237 and lysine 358 in the lactose carrier of Escherichia coli.

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1
Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.

Abstract

The lacY from Escherichia coli strains 020 and AE43 have been cloned on plasmids which were designated p020-K358T and pAE43-D237N. These lacY mutants contain amino acid substitutions changing Lys-358 to Thr or Asp-237 to Asn, respectively. The charge neutralizing effect of each mutation is associated with a functional defect in melibiose transport which we exploited in order to isolate second site revertants to the melibiose-positive phenotype. Eleven melibiose-positive revertants of p020-K358T were isolated. All contained a second-site mutation converting Asp-237 to a neutral amino acid (8 to Asn, 1 to Gly, and 2 to Tyr). Twelve melibiose-positive revertants of pAE43-D237N were isolated. Two were second-site revertants converting Lys-358 to a neutrally Gln residue, while the remainder directly reverted Asn-237 to the wild-type Asp-237. We conclude that the functional intimate relationship between Asp-237 and Lys-358 suggests that these residues may be closely juxtaposed in three-dimensional space, possibly forming a 'charge-neutralizing' salt bridge.

PMID:
1848449
DOI:
10.1016/0005-2736(91)90390-t
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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