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Neuropsychopharmacology. 1991 Jan;4(1):57-64.

cAMP binding proteins in the rat cerebral cortex after administration of selective 5-HT and NE reuptake blockers with antidepressant activity.

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Center of Neuropharmacology, University of Milan, Italy.


This study was undertaken to evaluate the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) binding proteins in the cerebral cortex of rat after short- and long-term administration with antidepressants. Prolonged treatment with different antidepressants that inhibit serotonin or norepinephrine uptake such as fluoxetine and the (+) enantiomer of oxaprotiline, respectively, was able to induce an increase in the photoactivated incorporation of 8-N3-[32P]cAMP into a protein band with apparent molecular weight of 52,000 in both soluble and crude microtubule fraction. On the contrary, chronic treatment with the (-) enantiomer of oxaprotiline, which does not affect monoamine uptake, failed to produce this effect. Moreover, no changes were observed after acute or in vitro addition of antidepressants, suggesting that modification in the cAMP binding may be related to adaptive changes elicited by prolonged antidepressants treatment. In conclusion, our studies indicate that the cAMP binding protein associated with the crude microtubule fraction could be an intracellular target for the action of antidepressant drugs.

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