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EMBO Rep. 2008 Jun;9(6):582-9. doi: 10.1038/embor.2008.74. Epub 2008 May 16.

A reciprocal repression between ZEB1 and members of the miR-200 family promotes EMT and invasion in cancer cells.

Author information

1
Department of Visceral Surgery, University of Freiburg, Hugstetter Strasse 55, 79106 Freiburg, Germany.

Abstract

The embryonic programme 'epithelial-mesenchymal transition' (EMT) is thought to promote malignant tumour progression. The transcriptional repressor zinc-finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) is a crucial inducer of EMT in various human tumours, and was recently shown to promote invasion and metastasis of tumour cells. Here, we report that ZEB1 directly suppresses transcription of microRNA-200 family members miR-141 and miR-200c, which strongly activate epithelial differentiation in pancreatic, colorectal and breast cancer cells. Notably, the EMT activators transforming growth factor beta2 and ZEB1 are the predominant targets downregulated by these microRNAs. These results indicate that ZEB1 triggers an microRNA-mediated feedforward loop that stabilizes EMT and promotes invasion of cancer cells. Alternatively, depending on the environmental trigger, this loop might switch and induce epithelial differentiation, and thus explain the strong intratumorous heterogeneity observed in many human cancers.

PMID:
18483486
PMCID:
PMC2396950
DOI:
10.1038/embor.2008.74
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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