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Anal Chim Acta. 2008 Jun 2;616(2):214-21. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2008.04.024. Epub 2008 Apr 16.

A porphyrin derivative containing 2-(oxymethyl)pyridine units showing unexpected ratiometric fluorescent recognition of Zn2+ with high selectivity.

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State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, PR China.


A porphyrin derivative (1), containing two 2-(oxymethyl)pyridine units has been designed and synthesized as chemosensor for recognition of metal ions. Unlike many common porphyrin derivatives that show response to different heavy metal ions, compound 1 exhibits unexpected ratiometric fluorescence response to Zn(2+) with high selectivity. The response of the novel chemosensor to zinc was based on the porphyrin metallation with cooperating effect of 2-(oxymethyl)pyridine units. The change of fluorescence of 1 was attributed to the formation of an inclusion complex between porphyrin ring and Zn(2+) by 1:1 complex ratio (K=1.04x10(5)), which has been utilized as the basis of the fabrication of the Zn(2+)-sensitive fluorescent chemosensor. The analytical performance characteristics of the proposed Zn(2+)-sensitive chemosensor were investigated. The sensor can be applied to the quantification of Zn(2+) with a linear range covering from 3.2x10(-7) to 1.8x10(-4) M and a detection limit of 5.5x10(-8) M. The experiment results show that the response behavior of 1 to Zn(2+) is pH-independent in medium condition (pH 4.0-8.0) and show excellent selectivity for Zn(2+) over transition metal cations.

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