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J Hum Genet. 2008;53(7):656-61. doi: 10.1007/s10038-008-0296-9. Epub 2008 May 15.

TGFB3 displays parent-of-origin effects among central Europeans with nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate.

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Institute of Human Genetics, University of Bonn, Wilhelmstr. 31, 53111, Bonn, Germany.


Mice with a deletion of Tgf-beta3 (-/-) and association studies in humans of different ethnicities support the involvement of TGFB3 in the etiology of orofacial clefts. In this study, we investigated the relevance of TGFB3 in the development of cleft lip and palate (CL/P) among 204 triads of central European origin. Transmission-disequilibrium test (TDT) analysis revealed no significant transmission distortions for each marker alone, and none for any possible haplotypes. However, we found strong evidence for parent-of-origin effects, with lower risk of maternal transmission compared with paternal transmission [I (M) = 0.38; confidence interval (CI): 0.17-0.86] of the risk allele T to an affected offspring at marker rs2300607. This is also expressed in an increased risk of heterozygous children having the T allele inherited from the father (R (P) = 3.47; CI: 1.32-9.11). Our data support the involvement of TGFB3 in the development of oral clefts in patients of central European origin.

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