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J Hum Hypertens. 2008 Oct;22(10):687-98. doi: 10.1038/jhh.2008.39.

Incremental value of arterial wave reflections in the determination of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in untreated patients with essential hypertension.

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  • 12nd Cardiology Department, Attikon Hospital, University of Athens, Athens, Greece.


Systemic arterial stiffness is an indicator of cardiovascular disease and an independent marker of morbidity and cardiovascular mortality. We investigated the association of arterial wave reflections with left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction and their incremental value to other determinants of LV diastolic dysfunction in patients with essential hypertension. In total 143 patients and 20 controls with similar atherosclerotic risk factors were examined by applanation tonometry of the radial artery (Sphygmocor) and echocardiography. Central augmentation index (CAI%) of reflected arterial waves as well as aortic strain (AoS) assessed by echocardiography were estimated. Doppler diastolic abnormalities were defined as proposed by the European Study Group on diastolic heart failure by measurement of E/A ratio (the ratio of the mitral inflow velocities), isovolumic relaxation time, deceleration time and flow propagation velocity. AoS and CAI were impaired in patients compared with controls (4.67 +/- 2.94 vs 6.06 +/- 4.91% and 145.8 +/- 22.7 vs. 135.7 +/- 20.3%, P < 0.01) as well as in patients with LV diastolic dysfunction compared to patients without, (5.52 +/- 4.29 vs. 10.73 +/- 5.77% and 139.5 +/- 21.7 vs. 124.5 +/- 17.0%, P < 0.05). The odds ratio (OR) of AoS and CAI for diastolic dysfunction was OR:0.918, 95% confidence interval (CI):0.837-0.99, P = 0.04 and OR:1.023, 95% CI: 1.023-1.040 P = 0.010, respectively. The addition of CAI to the multivariable model including age, LV mass index, AoS and mean arterial pressure increased the power of the model for determination of LV diastolic dysfunction (-2 log likelihood = 139.368, change of chi2 = 4.2, P-value for change=0.04). In untreated patients with newly diagnosed essential hypertension, wave reflections are independent and additive determinants of LV diastolic dysfunction.

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