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J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2008 Aug 15;871(2):202-11. doi: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2008.04.033. Epub 2008 Apr 29.

Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry in metabolic profiling of biological fluids.

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Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, 18 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117543, Singapore.


One of the objectives of metabonomics is to identify subtle changes in metabolite profiles between biological systems of different physiological or pathological states. Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) is a widely used analytical tool for metabolic profiling in various biofluids, such as urine and blood due to its high sensitivity, peak resolution and reproducibility. The availability of the GC/MS electron impact (EI) spectral library further facilitates the identification of diagnostic biomarkers and aids the subsequent mechanistic elucidation of the biological or pathological variations. With the advent of new comprehensive two dimensional GC (GC x GC) coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS), it is possible to detect more than 1200 compounds in a single analytical run. In this review, we discuss the applications of GC/MS in the metabolic profiling of urine and blood, and discuss its advances in methodologies and technologies.

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