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Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Jul;26(6):721-6. doi: 10.1016/j.mri.2008.01.002. Epub 2008 May 13.

Feasibility of using hyperpolarized [1-13C]lactate as a substrate for in vivo metabolic 13C MRSI studies.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, University of California, Box 2512, San Francisco, CA 94158-2512, USA.


The development of dynamic nuclear polarization in solution has enabled in vivo 13C MR studies at high signal-to-noise ratio following injection of prepolarized 13C substrates. While prior studies have demonstrated the ability to observe metabolism following injection of hyperpolarized 13C pyruvate, the goal of this study was to develop and test a new hyperpolarized agent for investigating in vivo metabolism, [1-13C]lactate. A preparation for prepolarized 13C lactate and the requisite dissolution media were developed to investigate the feasibility for in vivo 13C MRS/MRSI studies following injection of this hyperpolarized agent. This study demonstrated, for the first time, not only the ability to detect hyperpolarized [1-13C]lactate in vivo but also the metabolic products 13C pyruvate, 13C alanine and 13C bicarbonate following injection in normal rats. The use of 13C lactate as a substrate provided the opportunity to study the conversion of lactate to pyruvate in vivo and to detect the secondary conversions to alanine and bicarbonate through pyruvate. This study also demonstrated the potential value of this hyperpolarized agent to investigate in vivo lactate uptake and metabolism in preclinical animal models.

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