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J Invertebr Pathol. 2008 Jul;98(3):293-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jip.2008.03.003. Epub 2008 Mar 13.

Overcoming the resistance of codling moth against conventional Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV-M) by a new isolate CpGV-I12.

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Laboratory of Biotechnological Crop Protection, Department of Phytopathology, Agricultural Service Center Palatinate (DLR Rheinpfalz), Breitenweg 71, 67435 Neustadt a.d. Weinstr., Germany.


Recently, codling moth (CM, Cydia pomonella L.) populations with a significantly reduced susceptibility to C. pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) products have been observed in Germany. A novel CpGV isolate, designated CpGV-I12, is able to overcome the CpGV resistance. CpGV-I12 originated from Iran and showed superior efficacy in laboratory bioassays against a resistant CM strain (CpR), which has a 100-fold reduced susceptibility to commercially used isolate CpGV-M. Determination of the median lethal concentration (LC(50)) indicated that CpGV-I12 is nearly as efficient in resistant CpR as CpGV-M in a susceptible CM strain (CpS). Beyond, CpGV-I12 caused superior mortality in CpS. Infection experiments showed that the resistance breaking effect can be observed in all instars of CpR. CpGV-I12 is a promising alternative control agent of CM in orchards where conventional CpGV products fail. In addition, we demonstrate in bioassays with recombinant expressed Cry1Ab that cross-resistance to CpGV and Bacillus thuringiensis products is not likely.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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