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Rev Gastroenterol Disord. 2008 Winter;8(1):15-20.

The role of loperamide in gastrointestinal disorders.

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Section of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.


Loperamide is an effective therapy for a variety of diarrheal syndromes, including acute, nonspecific (infectious) diarrhea; traveler's diarrhea; and chemotherapy-related and protease inhibitor?associated diarrhea. Loperamide is effective for the "gut-directed" symptom of diarrhea in patients with painless diarrhea or diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. Loperamide and diphenoxylate are commonly used to treat diarrhea in numerous settings of inflammatory bowel disease. Loperamide has also been observed to increase anal sphincter tone, which may lead to improvement of fecal continence in patients with and without diarrhea. Loperamide is generally well tolerated at recommended nonprescription doses, with the most common side effects related to the impact on bowel motility (abdominal pain, distention, bloating, nausea, vomiting, and constipation).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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