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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Aug;93(8):3136-41. doi: 10.1210/jc.2008-0452. Epub 2008 May 13.

Replication of genome-wide association studies of type 2 diabetes susceptibility in Japan.

Author information

1
Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Division of Molecule and Structure, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In Europeans and populations of European origin, several groups have recently identified novel type 2 diabetes susceptibility genes, including FTO, SLC30A8, HHEX, CDKAL1, CDKN2B, and IGF2BP2, none of which were in the list of functional candidates.

OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN:

The aim of this study was to replicate in a Japanese population previously identified associations of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within 10 candidate loci with type 2 diabetes using a relatively large sample size: 1921 subjects with type 2 diabetes and 1622 normal controls.

RESULTS:

A total of 15 SNPs were genotyped. Eight SNPs in five loci were found to be associated with type 2 diabetes: rs3802177 [odds ratio (OR) = 1.16 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05-1.27); P = 4.5 x 10(-3)] in SLC30A8; rs1111875 [OR = 1.27 (95% CI 1.14-1.40); P = 1.4 x 10(-5)] and rs7923837 [OR = 1.27 (95% CI 1.13-1.43); P = 1.0 x 10(-4)] in HHEX; rs10811661 [OR = 1.27 (95% CI 1.15-1.40); P = 1.9 x 10(-6)] in CDKN2B; rs4402960 [OR = 1.23 (95% CI 1.11-1.36); P = 8.1 x 10(-5)] and rs1470579 [OR = 1.18 (95% CI 1.07-1.31); P = 8.3 x 10(-4)] in IGF2BP2; and rs7754840 [OR = 1.28 (95% CI 1.17-1.41); P = 4.5 x 10(-7)] and rs7756992 [OR = 1.27 (95% CI 1.15-1.40); P = 9.8 x 10(-7)] in CDKAL1. The first and second strongest associations were found at variants in CDKAL1 and CDKN2B, both of which are involved in the regenerative capacity of pancreatic beta-cells.

CONCLUSION:

Some of these variants represent common type 2 diabetes-susceptibility genes in both Japanese and Europeans.

PMID:
18477659
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2008-0452
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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