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DNA Res. 2008 Jun 30;15(3):169-71. doi: 10.1093/dnares/dsn007. Epub 2008 May 12.

Origins of replication in Sorangium cellulosum and Microcystis aeruginosa.

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Department of Physics, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, People's Republic of China.


The genome of Sorangium cellulosum has recently been completely sequenced, and it is the largest bacterial genome sequenced so far. In their report, Schneiker et al. (in Complete genome sequence of the myxobacterium Sorangium cellulosum, Nat. Biotechnol., 2007, 25, 1281-1289) concluded that 'In the absence of the GC-skew inversion typically seen at the replication origin of bacterial chromosomes, it was not possible to discern the location of oriC'. In addition, the complete genome of Microcystis aeruginosa NIES-843 has also been recently sequenced, and in this report, Kaneko et al. (in Complete genomic structure of the bloom-forming toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa NIES-843, DNA Res., 2007, 14, 247-256) concluded that 'there was no characteristic pattern, according to GC skew analysis'. Therefore, oriC locations of the above genomes remain unsolved. Using Ori-Finder, a recently developed computer program, in both genomes, we have identified candidate oriC regions that have almost all sequence hallmarks of bacterial oriCs, such as asymmetrical nucleotide distributions, being adjacent to the dnaN gene, and containing DnaA boxes and repeat elements.

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