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J Am Coll Health. 2008 May-Jun;56(6):601-6. doi: 10.3200/JACH.56.6.601-606.

Licit and illicit use of medications for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in undergraduate college students.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA. cadvoka@lsu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The authors studied the relationship between a diagnosis of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), grade point average (GPA), and licit and illicit drug use.

PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS:

They obtained survey data from a convenience sample of undergraduates in a large southern public university.

RESULTS:

Among 1,550 respondents, 163 (10.5%) reported an ADHD diagnosis (ADHD Group). Of those without an ADHD diagnosis, 591 (43%) reported using prescription stimulants illicitly (No ADHD, Illicit Use group), and 794 (57%) reported not using prescription drugs illicitly (No ADHD, No Illicit Use group). The GPA of the ADHD group was significantly lower than the GPA of the other 2 groups. The ADHD group and the No ADHD, Illicit Use group reported significantly greater use of all other drugs than did the No ADHD, No Illicit Use group.

CONCLUSIONS:

Drug use was associated with a lower GPA in ADHD-diagnosed students than in students without ADHD.

PMID:
18477513
DOI:
10.3200/JACH.56.6.601-606
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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