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Anaesthesia. 2008 Jun;63(6):641-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2044.2008.05452.x.

The Pentax-AWS((R)) rigid indirect video laryngoscope: clinical assessment of performance in 320 cases.

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Department of Anesthesiology and CCM, Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa, Japan.


The Pentax-AWS airway scope system is a rigid indirect video laryngoscope with integrated tube guidance. Laryngoscopy and intubation are visualised using a built in LCD monitor which displays the view obtained by a CCD camera mounted in the tip of the laryngoscope. We describe its clinical performance in 320 patients. The Pentax-AWS significantly improved the laryngeal view compared to the Macintosh laryngoscope. Forty-six patients (14%) who were classified as Cormack Lehane glottic view grade 3 or 4 using the Macintosh laryngoscope were classified as grade 1 (45 cases) or 2a (1 case) using the Pentax-AWS airway scope. Laryngeal views measured by percentage of glottic opening score were improved significantly using the Pentax-AWS. Intubation using the Pentax-AWS was successful in all cases, 96% at the first and 4% at the second attempt. The mean (SD) time required to place the tracheal tube was 20 (10) s. The Cormack Lehane grade obtained with the Macintosh blade did not affect the total time to correctly position the tube using the Pentax-AWS. Intubation difficulty scale (score = 0 in 305 patients, score = 1 in 14 and score = 2 in one patient) indicates that tracheal intubation was performed easily in most cases. The Pentax-AWS not only improves the laryngeal view, but its tube guide also facilitates rapid, easy and reliable tracheal intubation under vision. It can be useful in routine anesthesia care and may be advantageous in the situation of unanticipated difficult intubation.

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