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Br J Haematol. 2008 Jul;142(1):100-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2141.2008.07018.x. Epub 2008 May 8.

Migration across the sinusoidal endothelium regulates neutrophil mobilization in response to ELR + CXC chemokines.

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1
Leukocyte Biology Section, NHLI Division, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, South Kensington, London, UK.

Abstract

An increase in circulating neutrophils is a characteristic feature of many inflammatory reactions and is a result of the rapid mobilization of neutrophils from the bone marrow, driven by inflammatory mediators, including the ELR + CXC chemokines. In this paper, using a combination of light and electron microscopy and an in situ perfusion system of the rat femoral bone marrow, we examined this mobilization process in detail. We show that mobilization of neutrophils stimulated by the CXC chemokine, rat MIP-2, involves neutrophil migration from the haematopoietic compartment of the bone marrow across the bone marrow sinusoidal endothelium via a transcellular route. The critical role of the bone marrow sinusoidal endothelium in regulating neutrophil mobilization was demonstrated by artificially disrupting the bone marrow endothelial barrier by treatment with cytochalasin D, which results in the non-selective release of leucocytes from the bone marrow. In contrast, inhibiting the activity of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, inhibited both MIP-2 stimulated chemotaxis of bone marrow neutrophils in vitro and neutrophil mobilization in situ while, a broad spectrum matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor, BB94, had no effect on neutrophil mobilization. These results support the hypothesis that neutrophil migration drives their mobilization and highlights the function of the sinusoidal endothelium in regulating this process.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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