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Br J Haematol. 2008 Jul;142(1):109-14. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2141.2008.07161.x. Epub 2008 May 8.

Interleukin (IL)-17 promotes macrophages to produce IL-8, IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha in aplastic anaemia.

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Department of Haematology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, China.


Aplastic anaemia (AA) is thought to be an autoimmune-mediated disease with active destruction of haematopoietic cells through a T helper type 1 (Th1) cell response. Interleukin (IL)-17 is a potent proinflammatory cytokine produced by activated memory T cells. Recent studies indicate that IL-17 might be an essential effector cytokine in the T-cell mediated autoimmune process. It can drive the production of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), IL-1 beta, IL-6 and IL-8 by a variety of cells. The present study investigated the genetic and protein expression of IL-17 in patients with AA. The effect of IL-17 on IL-6 and IL-8 production by macrophages was also studied. AA patients showed an elevated expression of IL17A mRNA in bone marrow mononuclear cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Higher IL-17 in bone marrow and peripheral blood plasma was also observed in AA patients compared with normal controls. IL-17 induced the production of IL-6 and IL-8 by macrophages both from patients with AA and normal controls. IL-17 stimulation also resulted in the production of TNF-alpha. These results suggested that elevated expression of IL-17 and IL-17-induced IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-alpha may be involved in the mechanisms of AA.

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