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J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2008 Apr;18(4):217-21. doi: 04.2008/JCPSP.217221.

Fetomaternal outcome in triplet pregnancy.

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1
Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Unit II, Mother and Child Health Centre, Islamabad.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine maternal outcome as antenatal and postnatal complications and neonatal outcome as birth weight, morbidity and mortality in triplet gestation.

STUDY DESIGN:

Observational study.

PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY:

Mother and Child Health (MCH) Centre, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad from May 2000 to April 2006.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

All the patients with triplet pregnancy beyond 28 weeks gestation, who delivered at the study place during above period were included in the study. The primary outcome measures were frequency of maternal complications and neonatal birth, weight and morbidity. Secondary outcome measures included the frequency of assisted conception in the studied cohort.

RESULTS:

Eighteen women had triplet pregnancy beyond 28 weeks. Nine were booked, 6 non-booked and 3 of them were referred. Mean duration of gestation was 237.8 days (33.8 weeks). The antenatal complications were preterm delivery in 50%, hypertension in 50%, anemia in 44.4% and obstetric cholestasis in 5.6%. Eight patients (44.4%) suffered postpartum hemorrhage. One patient had peripartum hysterectomy and later expired in intensive care unit after three weeks. Maternal mortality ratio was 5.6%. Fifty five percent women had induction of ovulation with Clomiphene, while none had In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) or Intracytoplasmic Insemination (ICSI) or received gonadotrophins. Fifteen sets of triplets were delivered abdominally. Mean birth weights of 1st, 2nd and 3rd triplet were 1651, 1640 and 1443 grams respectively. Five sets of triplets (27.8%) had more than 25% discordance for birth weight. The mean Apgar scores of the babies at 1 and 10 minutes after birth were 6.0 and 8.0, 5.6 and 7.5; and 5.2 and 7.0 respectively. Of the 54 infants, 18 required Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) admission and 14 were admitted in nursery. Two died shortly after birth. Total perinatal mortalities were 13 including 4 cases of intra-uterine demise. Three babies suffered from jaundice, 7 had sepsis and 8 had respiratory distress syndrome.

CONCLUSION:

Triplet gestation had a high rate of fetomaternal complications. Majority had history of assisted conception.

PMID:
18474154
DOI:
04.2008/JCPSP.217221
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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