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J Biomed Mater Res A. 2009 Jun 15;89(4):980-7. doi: 10.1002/jbm.a.32054.

Alginate/poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid)/calcium phosphate cement scaffold with oriented pore structure for bone tissue engineering.

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Key Laboratory of Specially Functional Materials, Ministry of Education, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China.


In this study, the alginate/calcium phosphate cement (CPC) scaffolds with oriented pore structure were fabricated by unidirectional freeze casting and poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) was used to infiltrate into the macropores to strengthen the scaffolds. By modifying the liquid to powder ratio, the porosity and pore size of the alginate/CPC scaffold could be controlled. At the liquid to powder (L/P) ratio of 3.25, scaffolds possessing open directional macropores and a total porosity of 89.24% could be achieved. The size of the tubule-like macropores could reach 100-200 mum in their radial dimension and more than 1000 mum in the axial one, with macropores well-regulated arrayed. Increasing the L/P ratio would significantly decrease the mechanical strength of alginate/CPC scaffolds. The compressive strength and toughness of scaffolds could be greatly improved via PLGA reinforcement. Three mechanisms of PLGA reinforcement ran as follows: participating in the external load, strengthening the matrix, and patching the defects of CPC pores wall. Alginate/PLGA/CPC scaffold preserved the open directional macropores and might be a potential scaffold for bone tissue engineering.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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