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Genome. 1993 Aug;36(4):774-81.

Physical mapping of rDNA loci in Brassica species.


The number of major rDNA loci (the genes coding for 18S-5.8S-26S rRNA) was investigated in the economically important Brassica species and their wild relatives by in situ hybridization of an rDNA probe to metaphase chromosomes and interphase nuclei. The diploid species B. nigra (B genome) has two major pairs of rDNA loci, B. oleracea (C genome) has two major pairs and one minor pair of loci, while B. campestris (A genome) has five pairs of loci. Among the three tetraploid species arising from these three diploid ancestors, B. carinata (BBCC genomes) has four loci, B. juncea (AABB genomes) has five major pairs and one minor pair of loci, and B. napus (AACC genomes) has six pairs of loci, indicating that the number of loci has been reduced during evolution. The complexity of the known rDNA restriction fragment length polymorphism patterns gave little indication of number of rDNA loci. It is probable that chromosome rearrangements have occurred during evolution of the amphidiploid species. The data will be useful for physical mapping of genes relative to rDNA loci, micro- and macro-evolutionary studies and analysis of aneuploids including addition and substitution lines used in Brassica breeding programs.


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