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Nat Immunol. 2008 Jun;9(6):676-83. doi: 10.1038/ni.1615. Epub 2008 May 11.

The receptor tyrosine kinase Flt3 is required for dendritic cell development in peripheral lymphoid tissues.

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Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, The Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10065, USA.


Dendritic cell (DC) development begins in the bone marrow but is not completed until after immature progenitors reach their sites of residence in lymphoid organs. The hematopoietic growth factors regulating these processes are poorly understood. Here we examined the effects of signaling by the receptor tyrosine kinase Flt3 on macrophage DC progenitors in the bone marrow and on peripheral DCs. We found that the macrophage DC progenitor compartment was responsive to superphysiological amounts of Flt3 ligand but was not dependent on Flt3 for its homeostatic maintenance in vivo. In contrast, Flt3 was essential to the regulation of homeostatic DC development in the spleen, where it was needed to maintain normal numbers of DCs by controlling their division in the periphery.

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